Friday, February 10, 2012

Stitch Cheat Sheet (Updated 8/24/13)

Sometimes I just lose my mind and can't remember how to do a stitch. These are my written instructions on each stitch.. If you find any mistakes, or would like to suggest a stitch, please leave me a comment. (I took the time to compile this list, and type everything out. Please do not copy and paste this list anywhere, but feel free to link back!) Like this? Share it! (Don't forget there are more share buttons at the bottom!)
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Basic Stitches
Chain Stitch (Abbreviation: ch)
Make a slip knot on your crochet hook. (1 loop on hook.) Yarn over. Pull through slip knot loop. You have just made one chain stitch.

Slip Stitch (Abbreviation: slst)
Insert hook into stitch (or chain). Yarn over, pull through stitch. Pull through first loop on hook. You have completed one slip stitch. (You should have 1 loop on your hook.)

Single Crochet (Abbreviation: sc)
Insert hook into chain (or stitch). Yarn over, pull through chain (or stitch). Yarn over, pull through both loops on hook. (You should have 1 loop on your hook.)

Half Double Crochet (Abbreviation: hdc)
Yarn over. Insert hook into stitch. Yarn over, pull through stitch. (3 loops on hook) Yarn over. Pull through all 3 loops. (You should have 1 loop on your hook.)

Double Crochet (Abbreviation: dc)
Yarn over. Insert hook into chain (or stitch.) Yarn over, pull through chain (or stitch). (You should have 3 loops on your hook.) Yarn over, pull through 2 loops. (You should have 2 loops on your hook.) Yarn over, pull through both loops. (You should have 1 loop on your hook.)

Extended Double Crochet (Abbreviation: edc)
Yarn over. Insert hook into chain (or stitch.) Yarn over, pull through chain (or stitch). (You should have 3 loops on your hook.) Yarn over, pull through ONE loop. (You should have 3 loops on your hook.) Yarn over, pull through 2 loops. (You should have 2 loops on your hook.) Yarn over, pull through both loops. (You should have 1 loop on your hook.)

Triple Crochet/Treble Crochet (Abbreviation: tr)
Yarn over 2 times. Insert hook into stitch. Yarn over, pull through stitch. (4 loops on hook.) Yarn over, pull through 2 loops. (3 loops on hook.) Yarn over, pull through 2 loops. (2 loops on hook.) Yarn over, pull through last 2 loops. (You should have 1 loop on your hook.)

Double Triple Crochet (Abbreviation: dtr)
Yarn over 3 times. Insert hook into stitch. Yarn over, pull through stitch. (5 loops on hook.) Yarn over, pull through 2 loops. (4 loops on hook.) Yarn over, pull through 2 loops. (3 loops on hook.) Yarn over, pull through 2 loops. (2 loops on hook.) Yarn over, pull through last 2 loops on hook. (You should have 1 loop on your hook.)

Decorative Stitches
Puff Stitch (Abbreviation: puff st)
Yarn over. Insert the hook into stitch. Yarn over, pull through stitch. Yarn over, pull through the 2 loops. (2 loops on hook.) Yarn over. Insert the hook into SAME stitch. Yarn over, pull through stitch. Yarn over, pull through 2 loops. (3 loops on hook.) Yarn over. Insert the hook into SAME stitch AGAIN. Yarn over, pull through stitch. Yarn over, pull through the 2 loops. (4 loops on hook.) Yarn over, pull through all 4 loops on hook. (You should have 1 loop on your hook.)

Popcorn Stitch (Abbreviation: 'pop' or 'pc')
Front Popping:
Make 5 Double Crochets into one stitch. Take your loop off the hook. Insert your hook from front to back under the top 2 loops of the first double crochet you made. Hook the dropped loop, and pull it through the stitch. (For Backward popping, instead of going from front to back in the loops of your first double crochet, you will go from back to front, and your popcorn stitch will pop towards the back.) You should have 1 loop on your hook.

V Stitch (Abbreviation: V st)
To create a V Stitch, do a double crochet in your stitch (or chain), chain one, then double crochet AGAIN in the SAME stitch as before.

Shell Stitch (Abbreviation: shell)
To create a shell stitch, do four double crochet in ONE stitch of the row below (or chain.)

Crossed Double Crochet Stitch (Abbreviation: crossed dc)
To create a crossed double crochet, skip one stitch (or chain) and make one double crochet in the next stitch. Make one double crochet in the stitch (or chain) you skipped. (You should have 1 loop on your hook.)

Picot Stitch (Abbreviation: p)
To create a picot stitch, chain 3. Insert hook into the first chain you made. Yarn over and draw through chain AND loop on hook. (You should have 1 loop on your hook.)

Cluster Stitch (Abbreviation: c, cl)
Yarn over, insert hook into stitch. Yarn over, draw through stitch. Yarn over, draw through 2 loops. (2 loops on hook.) Yarn over, insert hook into NEXT stitch. Yarn over, draw through stitch. Yarn over, draw through 2 loops. (3 loops on hook.) Yarn over, insert hook into NEXT stitch (this is the 3rd stitch you're working in.) Yarn over, draw through stitch. Yarn over, draw through 2 loops on the hook. (4 loops on hook.) Yarn over, insert hook into NEXT stitch (this is the 4th and final stitch you're working in.) Yarn over, draw through stitch. Yarn over, draw through 2 loops on the hook. (5 loops on hook.) Yarn over, and draw through all 5 loops. (You should have 1 loop on your hook.) You have created one 4-double-crochet cluster stitch.

Front Post Double Crochet (Abbreviation: fpdc)
Yarn over, insert your hook from front to back between the posts of the 1st and 2nd double crochet of the row below, and then from back to front between the posts of the 2nd & 3rd stitches. Yarn over, pull around the entire post. (3 loops on hook.) Yarn over, pull through 2 loops. (2 loops on hook.) Yarn over, pull through last 2 loops. (You should have 1 loop on your hook.)

Back Post Double Crochet (Abbreviation: bpdc)
Yarn over, insert hook from back to front between the posts of 1st & 2nd double crochet in the row below, and then from front to back again between the posts of the 2nd and 3rd stitches. Yarn over, pull through around post. (3 loops on hook.) Yarn over, pull through 2 loops. (2 loops on hook.) Yarn over, pull through last 2 loops. (You should have 1 loop on your hook.)

Reverse Single Crochet (aka 'crab stitch') (Abbreviation: rsc, reverse sc, crab st)
Working LEFT to RIGHT: Insert hook into chain (or stitch). Yarn over, pull through chain (or stitch). Yarn over, pull through both loops on hook. (You should have 1 loop on your hook.)

Feather Stitch (Abbreviation: None)
Insert your hook into the next stitch (starting stitch), and draw up a loop (two loops on hook.) Working in the row below, count two stitches to the right of the stitch below your starting stitch, insert hook, and draw up a loop (3 loops on hook). Working two rows directly below your starting stitch, insert hook, and draw up a loop (4 loops on hook). Working one row below, count two stitches to the left of the stitch below your starting stitch, insert hook, and draw up a loop (5 loops on hook). Yarn over, and draw a loop through all 5 loops on your hook. (1 loop should be left on your hook.)

Cable Stitch (Abbreviation: None)
Chain a multiple of 4+3. Single crochet in the 2nd chain from your hook, and in each chain across. Chain 3, turn. [Skip the next stitch, and double crochet in the next 3. Insert your hook (from front to back) in the stitch you skipped, and pull up a (very) loose loop. Yarn over, draw through both loops on your hook.] For consecutive rows of the Cable Stitch, you should put a row of Single Crochet between each cable stitch row, and repeat the instructions in brackets.

Basketweave Stitch (Abbreviation: None)
Chain a multiple of 4 (add 4 for to length for the turning chain). Double crochet in the 4th chain from your hook, and across to the end of the row. Chain 2, turn. [4 FPDC, 4 BPDC] across. Chain 2, turn. [4BPDC, 4FPDC] across.

Bullion/Roll Stitch  (Abbreviation: None)
Wrap yarn around widest part of your crochet hook 4-6 times (for beginners). Slide roll toward head of hook. Insert hook in stitch, yarn over, pull through stitch, yarn over, and with the head of your hook facing downward pull through all loops on hook. (1 loop left on your hook) Yarn over, pull through loop to lock in.
For video tutorial, see: http://youtu.be/ciaJwMW3Wys
For helpful tips about the Bullion Stitch, see: http://pwalker281.hubpages.com/hub/6-Tips-for-Making-the-Perfect-Crocheted-Bullion-Stitch
For another method of Bullion using a knitting needle as an aid, see: http://www.crochetspot.com/how-to-crochet-bullion-stitch/

Loop Stitch (Abbreviation: lp st)
Wrap the yarn from front to back over your index finger. Insert hook into next stitch, grab the looped yarn from behind your finger, and draw the yarn through the stitch. (2 loops on hook). Yarn over hook, and draw through both loops on hook. (1 loop made. You should have 1 loop left on your hook.)

Crocodile Stitch (Abbreviation: crocodile st, croc st)
Make a slip knot, and chain a multiple of 3. DC in 3rd chain from hook. (Ch2, skip 2 ch, 2 DC in one stitch) repeat until end of your chain. Ch3. Rotate your piece (do NOT turn!) Work 5DC around the post of the last DC your made. Ch 1, rotate so the opposite side is facing UP. 5DC around the post of your second DC. (This is completes one Crocodile Stitch.) Skip next set of 2DC's in one. Repeat the in the 3rd set of 2 DC's. Skip next set of 2 DC's. Repeat the crocodile stitch pattern in the next set of DC's.
For video instructions on the Crocodile Stitch, see: http://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=crocodile+stitch

Pineapple Stitch (Abbreviation: None)
Ch2. HDC in next st. *Yarn over, insert hook in to space between beginning chain and first HDC, yarn over, and pull through* 3 times total (7 loops on your hook). Yarn over, and draw through all loops on your hook. (1 loop left on hook.) chain 1. You have made one pineapple.
Consecutive Pineapples:
Skip next stitch to create a space. HDC in next st. In space created *Yarn over, insert hook into space, yarn over, and pull through* 3 times total (7 loops on your hook). Yarn over, and draw through all loops on your hook. (1 loop left on hook.) chain 1.]

Griddle Stitch (Abbreviation: None)
To begin, chain a multiple of 2+2
Row 1: In 4th ch from hook, sc in ch. Dc in next ch. *sc in next ch, dc in next ch* across.
Row 2: Ch3 (counts as first DC), turn. *sc in next dc, dc in next sc* across. Sc in top of first DC. (Repeat row 2)

Ridge Stitch (Abbreviation: None)
To begin, ch any number & hdc in 3rd ch from hook (or FHDC). Row 1: HDC across. Ch1, turn. Row 2: HDC in loop under the stitch (photos above) across. Ch1, turn. (Repeat row 2)
Tunisian Crochet
Tunisian Stitch (aka 'afghan stitch)
Foundation:
Forward Pass
Insert the hook in the second chain from the hook. Yarn over, draw through chain stitch. (2 loops on hook) Insert hook in the next chain and "yarn over, draw through chain" in each chain across the foundation chain. Your hook should now be loaded up with loops.
Return Pass
Yarn over and draw yarn through 1 loop on the hook FOR THIS ONE ONLY. Yarn over, draw yarn through the next 2 loops, repeating "yarn over, draw through 2" across the row until 1 loop remains on hook.
Consecutive Rows:
Forward Pass
Insert hook between the front and back strands of previous vertical stitches. Yarn over, draw up loop. (2 loops on hook). Continue with this until you reach end of the row, then insert your hook under the last 2 vertical bars. Your hook should be loaded up with loops.
Return Pass
Performed as foundation return pass. Be sure to draw through one loop ONLY ON THE FIRST. Draw through 2 through the rest of the row until one loop remains on hook.

Tunisian Purl Stitch (aka 'purl stitch')
Foundation: Performed same as Tunisian Stitch (see above)
Consecutive Rows:
Forward Pass
With the index finger of your 'yarn hand', bring the working yarn to the front of work; insert hook under the next vertical stitch. Keep your hook behind the strand of working yarn. Yarn over, draw up loop. (2 loops on hook). Continue with this until you reach end of the row, then insert your hook under the last 2 vertical bars. Your hook should be loaded up with loops.
Return Pass Performed same as Tunisian Stitch (see above)

Tunisian Stockinette Stitch (aka 'knit stitch)
Foundation: Performed same as Tunisian Stitch (see above)
Consecutive Rows:
Forward Pass
Insert the hook between the front and back strands of the next stitch. Yarn over, draw up loop. (2 loops on hook. Continue with this until you reach end of the row, then insert your hook under the last 2 vertical bars. Your hook should be loaded up with loops.
Return Pass Performed same as Tunisian Stitch (see above)

Filet Crochet
Net Stitch (Not technically Filet Crochet unless it's used to make patterns)
Make a foundation chain of 3+5.
Row 1: DC in the 8th stitch from your hook. *Chain 2, DC in 3rd chain from previous stitch.* Repeat ** across.
Row 2: Turn, chain 5, and DC in 2nd to last DC made in previous row. Repeat ** across.

Lacet
Double Crochet. Chain 3, skip next two stitches. Single Crochet, Chain 3, skip next two stitches. Double Crochet.

Bar
Double Crochet. Chain 5, skip next 5 stitches. Double Crochet.


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1 comment:

  1. This is great, thank you, I made myself a similar sheet and then lost it, you are saving me so much time.

    ReplyDelete